Copyright © 2021 The History Junkie | Bamboo on Trellis Framework by Mediavine, The History Junkie's Guide to Connecticut Genealogy, Family Search – Lenape and Delaware Indian Genealogy, William Penn’s Description of Lenape Indians, The History Junkie’s Guide to Native American History, The History Junkie’s List of Native American Tribes, The History Junkie’s Guide to Colonial America, Eight Reasons The Americans Won The Revolutionary War, Middle Colonies Facts, Economy, and Influence, Delaware Tribe of Indians, Bartlesville, Oklahoma. The Lenape were the first tribe to sign a treaty with the United States and the first tribe to have land set aside for them in New Jersey. In their gardens the Lenape Indians planted corn, beans, and squash. 18th Century – Today: William Penn died in 1718. Other methods of hunting included lassoing and drowning deer, as well as forming a circle around prey and setting the brush on fire. The Lenape would petition for grievances on the basis that not all their families had been recognized in the transaction (not that they wanted to “share” the land). First Contact with Europeans: The first recorded contact with Europeans presumed to have been the Lenape was in 1524. As the 18th century progressed, many surviving Lenape moved west—into the (relatively empty) upper Ohio River basin. Europeans often tried to contract for land with the tribal chiefs, confusing their culture with that of neighboring tribes such as the Iroquois. Learn how your comment data is processed. Nov 12, 2018 - Explore Joan Bonavita's board "Lenape Tribe" on Pinterest. The clothing of the Lenape was simple. The early interaction between the Lenape and Dutch traders in the 17th century was primarily through the fur trade; specifically, the Lenape trapped and traded beaver pelts for European-made goods. The museum’s permanent and temporary exhibitions—as well as a range of public programs, including music and dance performances, films, and symposia—explore the diversity of the Native people of the Americas. Delaware Tribe of Indians, Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Trying to raise money, they contemplated ways to sell Lenape land to colonial settlers. The mother’s eldest brother was more significant as a mentor to the male children than was their father, who was generally of another clan. Delaware Nation, Anadarko, Oklahoma. Ears of corn were tied … Today three Lenape tribes are federally recognized in the United States. We invite you to learn Lenape words in our Sound Booth workshop, the first language spoken in Lower Manhattan! The older reference of these people is the Lenape or Lenni Lenape. Stockbridge-Munsee Community, Bowler, Wisconsin. Although never politically unified, the confederation of the Delaware roughly encompassed the area around and between the Delaware and lower Hudson rivers, and included the western part of Long Island in present-day New York. Many of That means each tribe has its own government, laws, … Lenape Tribe Facts: History. The men wore breechclouts and moccasins, with leggings and a robe to cover themselves in cold weather. Stockbridge-Munsee Community, Bowler, Wisconsin. They primarily hunted and fished during the rest of the year. CMA’s Indigenous Peoples Cultural Festival will be held on Sunday, November 4th. The Lenape people were forced from their ancestral homelands by the British. Their dire situation was exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. The Lenape also called the Lenni Lenape and the Delaware, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in Canada and the United States. From the early 1600’s, the European settlers called the Lenape people “Delaware Indians.” Three main dialect clans, each made up of smaller independent but interrelated communities, extended from the northern part of our ancient homeland at the headwaters of the Delaware River down to the Delaware Bay. Early Colonial Era: At the time of sustained European contact in the 16th centuries and 17th centuries, the Lenape were a powerful Native American nation who inhabited a region on the mid-Atlantic coast spanning the latitudes of southern Massachusetts to the southern extent of Delaware in what anthropologists call the Northeastern Woodlands. Algonquian Spirit: Excellent anthology of stories, songs, and oral history from the Delaware and other Algonquian tribes. If you've visited stART Studio at CMA, you know that the flubber table is one of our most popular activities. During the Beaver Wars in the first half of the 17th century, European colonists were careful to keep firearms from the coastally located Delaware,while rival Iroquoian peoples such as the Susquehannocks and Confederation of the Iroquois became comparatively well armed. Sponsored Links Additional Resources The Delaware Tribe: A History Lenape mythology Lenape words New Jersey Indian tribes 21st Century Look at a Lenape Tribe in Berks County: Lesson plan on the history and culture of the Pennsylvania Lenape people. The divisions and troubles of the American Revolutionary War and United States’ independence pushed them farther west. Penn gained a reputation for benevolence and tolerance, but his efforts resulted in more effective colonization of the ancestral Lenape homeland than previous ones. Subsequently, the Lenape became subjugated and made tributary to first the Susquehannocks, then the Iroquois, even needing their rivals’ agreement to initiate treaties such as land sales. Like most tribes, Lenape communities were weakened by newly introduced diseases originating in Europe, mainly smallpox but also cholera, influenza and dysentery, and recurrent violent racial conflict with Europeans. Originally known as the Lenni Lenape or "the true people," the Delaware were relocated by the United States in the 1860s to Oklahoma. According to Dutch settler Isaac de Rasieres, who observed the Lenape in 1628, the Lenape’s primary crop was maize, which they planted in March. The settlers eventually renamed the original people of New Jersey “Delaware Indians.” The tribe of “Lenape” and “Delaware” are synony­mous, the former being of native tongue and the later of English language, named after the English nobleman Lord De la Warr, … Like most Native American tribes, the Delaware Indian tribes are autonomous. Vegetables were eaten as soon as they were ripe, or some were also stored away for the wintertime. Although Penn endeavored to live peaceably with the Lenape and to create a colony that would do the same, he also expected his authority and that of the colonial government to take precedence. The men limited their agricultural labor to clearing the field and breaking the soil. About 6,000 years ago, the Lenape Indians settled in what is now the U.S. States of New York, Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.They fished and hunted and collected seeds, roots, and nuts. , a nonprofit organization founded and maintained by Native American artists and educators residing in the New York City area, to present workshops inspired by traditional and contemporary arts practices from the Indigenous community. The Lenape invented the tasty movie theater treat, popcorn! During the decades of the 18th century, most Lenape were pushed out of their homeland by expanding European colonies. The first residents of Lower Manhattan were the Lenape People, and they called the island Manahatta, meaning hilly island. From the early 1600s, the European settlers called the Lenape people 'Delaware Indians', although there was never a single tribe called either Delaware or Lenape. We are partnering with Redhawk Native American Arts Council, a nonprofit organization founded and maintained by Native American artists and educators residing in the New York City area, to present workshops inspired by traditional and contemporary arts practices from the Indigenous community. Today, only elders speak the language—although some young Lenape youth and adults learn the ancient language. His new colony effectively displaced many Lenape and forced others to adapt to new cultural demands. Their land, called Lenapehoking, included all of what is now New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, southeastern New York State, northern Delaware and a small section of southeastern Connecticut. Today, Lenape communities live all across North America. There are two federally recognized Lenape tribes in Oklahoma: the Delaware Tribe of Indians and the Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma. ), 6 NYC Museums That Explore Identity and Community, 6 Fun Places to View Art in NYC’s Chinatown Neighborhood, Sign up to get updates and special invitations. Let’s learn together at the Indigenous Cultural Festival on Sunday, November 4th! Agricultural land was managed by women and allotted according to the subsistence needs of their extended families. The Lenape (English: or ), also called the Lenni Lenape and the Delaware, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in Canada and the United States. Iroquoian peoples occasionally fought the Lenape. Dutch settler David de Vries, who stayed in the area from 1634 to 1644, described a Lenape hunt in the valley of the Achinigeu-hach (or “Ackingsah-sack,” the Hackensack River), in which one hundred or more men stood in a line many paces from each other, beating thigh bones on their palms to drive animals to the river, where they could be killed easily. At the time of the Revolutionary War, the Lenape villages lay between the western frontier strongholds of the British and the Patriots: the American colonists had Fort Pitt and the British with Indian allies controlled the area of Fort Detroit. They are as follows: This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. (len-AH-pay) means “the people.” The Lenape speak an Algonquian family language, one of over 20 families of languages in North America. Where subways now rumble and skyscrapers soar, the Lenape harvested oysters, fished and gardened. , included all of what is now New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, southeastern New York State, northern Delaware and a small section of southeastern Connecticut. During the American Revolution, the Munsee-speaking Lenape bands of the Ohio Country were deeply divided over which side, if any, to take in the conflict. , and was used by many Native American nations. The Penns and their supporters tried to present this draft as a legitimate deed. Their bands lived in numerous villages around their main village of Coshocton. The Lenni-Lenape tribe is also committed to promoting university and college education. Some of their place names, such as Manhattan, Raritan, and Tappan were adopted by Dutch and English colonists to identify the Lenape people that lived there. The Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware formed a constitutional Tribal Government in March, 2010. The women devoted their summers to field work and harvested the crops in August. On May 21, 1758, 10-year-old Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, by Lenape Indians; she becomes an icon of the French and Indian War. The Lenape were ''scattered throughout the state,'' Dr. Esposito said. They have also established support programs for such students by establishing a scholarship fund. The Lenape Indians — also known as the Lennapi, Lenni Lenape and the Delaware Indians — once lived in the mid-Atlantic region of North America, in what would become New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware. Three Lenape tribes are federally recognized in the United States. The Lenape’s quick adoption of trade goods, and their need to trap furs to meet high European demand, resulted in their disastrous over-harvesting of the beaver population in the lower Hudson Valley. They are recognized by the state of New Jersey, having reorganized and maintained elected governments since the 1970s. The explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was greeted by local Lenape who came by canoe, after his ship entered what is now called Lower New York Bay. Since the land in question did not belong to their polities, the talks came to nothing. The Lenape were divided into three bands or sub-tribes: the Minsi (or Munsee, “People of the Stone Country”) inhabited the northern part of Pennsylvania, the Unami (“People Who Live Down-River”) inhabited the central region of Pennsylvania, and the Unalachtigo (“People Who Live by the Ocean”) inhabited the southern area of Pennsylvania. We invite you to learn Lenape words in our Sound Booth workshop, the first language spoken in Lower Manhattan! as it starts to get chilly outside instead of “Brr!”. prompts us to reflect on the idea of "home" in relation to the neighborhoods, cultures, and communities that form the basis of our identities as New Yorkers. The Lenape (len-AH-pay) or Delaware Indians lived in an area they called “Lenapehoking,” which means “Land of the Lenape.” Their land included all of what is now New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, southeastern New York State, northern Delaware and a To help us get ready, here are some fun facts about the Lenape People and the native language passed down over many generations. But, such leaders as Teedyuscung in the east and Tamaqua in the vicinity of modern Pittsburgh shifted to building alliances with the English. The main trade route of the Lenape ran along Bowling Green and Broadway. The Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware. Lenape population fell sharply during this period, due to high fatalities from epidemics of infectious diseases carried by Europeans, such as measles and smallpox, to which they had no natural immunity, as the diseases had arisen on the Asian continent and moved west into Europe, where they had become endemic in the cities. The Lenape suffered similar fate as the other natives and were continually pushed west. Thanks to you, we serve over 57,000 NYC children free of charge each year. Some took refuge with other tribes. They quickly adopted European metal tools for this task. Women cultivated varieties of maize, squash and beans, and did most of the fieldwork, processing and cooking of food. with a presentation by Dennis J. Coker, Principal Chief of the Lenape Indian Tribe of Delaware. After the warfare, the Lenape referred to the Susquehannock as “uncles.” The Iroquois added the Lenape to the Covenant Chain in 1676; the Lenape were tributary to the Five Nations (later Six) until 1753, shortly before the outbreak of the French and Indian War (a part of the Seven Years’ War in Europe). Lenape History for Children & Elementary Teachers & Parents with activities. The walking trail ran north from what is now Battery Park all the way to Boston. Along with the yellow corn you might be familiar with growing, red, blue, white, and multicolored corn are cultivated and prepared in many different ways. We are a member of the Confederation of Sovereign Nentego-Lenape Tribes, which is an intertribal union between our Tribe and the Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indian Tribe (headquartered in Bridgeton, New Jersey) with which we are historically and genealogically interrelated. The Lenni Lenape earns the status as the First Nations band government in Canada. Delaware Tribe: History of the Lenape Indians in Ohio. Today, they are considered as the Delaware people or nation. See more ideas about Delaware indians, Native american indians, Native american history. But colonial administrators had prepared the draft that resurfaced in the 1730s. The colony had a short life, as in 1632 a local band of Lenape killed the 32 Dutch settlers after a misunderstanding escalated over Lenape defacement of the insignia of the Dutch West India Company. The Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape people are a tribal confederation of Nanticoke of the Delmarva Peninsula and the Lenape of southern New Jersey and northern Delaware. Based on the historical record of the mid-seventeenth century, it has been estimated that most Lenape polities consisted of several hundred people but it is conceivable that some had been considerably larger prior to close contact, given the wars between the Susquehannocks and the Iroquois, both of whom were armed by the Dutch fur traders, while the Lenape were at odds with the Dutch and so lost that particular arms race. William Penn had approached several leaders of Lenape polities in the lower Delaware to discuss land sales further north. Traditional Lenape lands, the Lenapehoking, was a large territory that encompassed the Delaware Valley of eastern Pennsylvania especially the Poconos and New Jersey from the north bank Lehigh River along the left bank Delaware thence south into Delaware and the Delaware Bay. During the French and Indian War, the Lenape initially sided with the French, as they hoped to prevent further British colonial encroachment in their territory. Representing the ‘First People of the First State,’ the Lenape Indian Tribe is located in northern Kent County in and around the town of Cheswold. The Lenni Lenape tribe has a lot of historical significance in the Neshaminy community, considering that the land that the high school is built on once belonged to the tribe. Named after the river that ran through their territory, the Delaware Indians are a Native American tribe that originally resided in New Jersey, New York, Delaware and Pennsylvania. Smallpox devastated native communities even located far from European settlements by the 1640s. See the bottom of this page for a further explanation of the purpose of this web site. Get in the spirit of the Year of the Rat by planning… Read more. Their focus has been placed on encouraging students to pursue college degrees. CMA is a non-profit art museum introducing children and families to contemporary art exhibitions and art-making workshops. A common reaction of surprise in Lenape is, We learned about the Lenape in Lower Manhattan from the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, a museum located just south of CMA in Manhattan. In 1682, William Penn and Quaker colonists created the English colony of Pennsylvania beginning at the lower Delaware River. Sunflowers, herbs, and some tobacco were also planted. Calling all flubber lubbers! The tribe is made up of descendants of Algonquian-speaking Nanticoke and Lenape peoples who remained in, or returned to, their ancient homeland at the Delaware Bay. They defeated the Lenape, and some scholars believe that the Lenape may have become tributaries to the Susquehannock. Name: The Lenape Indians are also called the Leni Lenape, the Lenni-Lenape, and the Delaware Indians.They are all the same tribe. 17th Century: New Amsterdam was founded in 1624 by the Dutch in what would later become New York City. Over a period of 250 years, many Lenape people were removed and dispersed throughout the country. They have not yet achieved federal recognition. In 1634, the Iroquoian-speaking Susquehannock went to war with the Lenape over access to trade with the Dutch at New Amsterdam. The Lenape call the Hudson River Shatemuc, “the river that flows both ways,” because the river … “Even after all that has happened to us — there were thousands [of Lenapes] when the ships [migrating from Europe] first came — we are still here.”. His heirs, John and Thomas Penn, and their agents were running the colony, and had abandoned many of the elder Penn’s practices. They also planted squash, whose broad leaves cut down on weeds and conserved moisture in the soil. Read… Read more, Chinatown's thriving art scene will be on display during our NYC Cultural Festival on Sunday, January 26, to coincide with Lunar New Year. Women had knee- or calf-length wrap-around skirts and wore fur robes in winter, or a beautiful mantle made from turkey feathers. Dutch settlers also founded a colony at present-day Lewes, Delaware on June 3, 1631 and named it Zwaanendael (Swan Valley). Food, clothing, homes, weapons and culture of the Lenape people. The Lenape called themselves 'Lenni-Lenape' (also recorded as Leni-Lenape), which literally means 'men of men', but is translated to mean 'original people'. Some Lanape remained in New Jersey and formed two groups: The Naticoke Lanni-Lanape and The Nanticoke Lenni-Lanape Triba… The principal Native American tribe was the Lenni Lenape, translated either as "original people" or "true men" and considered to be part of the larger Algonquin tribe. The Lenape and Susquehannocks fought a war in the middle of the 17th century that left the Delaware a tributary state even as the Susquehannocks had defeated the Province of Maryland between 1642-50s. A peace treaty was negotiated between the newly arriving English and Lenape at what is now known as Penn Treaty Park. We learned about the Lenape in Lower Manhattan from the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, a museum located just south of CMA in Manhattan. Learn more at, 6 Fun Facts About Flubber (Plus a Recipe to Make Your Own! Hereditary leadership passed through the maternal line, and women elders could remove leaders of whom they disapproved. On the west side, the Delaware people The Lenape lived in numerous small towns along the rivers and streams that fed the waterways, and likely shared the hunting territory of the Schuylkill River watershed with the rival Iroquoian Susquehannock. They had permanent, seasonal settlements with social and political organizations. In the mid-1730s, colonial administrators produced a draft of a land deed dating to the 1680s. Today, Lenape communities live all across North America. Find out the complete information about a Native American tribe on Facts about Lenni Lenape. The Lenni Lenape (Len-na Len-NAW-pay) people (also called the Delaware Indians) are in the ALGONQUIN language group. This allowed tribes such as the Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape Indians of New Jersey to establish community agencies that, among other things, permits them to establish cultural instructional centers to teach younger Lenapes about the tribe’s spiritualism. The first residents of Lower Manhattan were the Lenape People, and they called the island. Lenape kinship system has matrilineal clans, that is, children belong to their mother’s clan, from which they gain social status and identity. The Lenape who produced wampum in the vicinity of Manhattan Island temporarily forestalled the negative effects of the decline in trade. Lenape, meaning “the people” or “true people” are the original native New Yorkers and their home was known to them as Lenapehoking. In the 21st century, most Lenape now reside in the US state of Oklahoma, with some communities living also in Wisconsin, Ontario (Canada) and in their traditional homelands. The Dutch finally established a garrison at Bergen, which allowed settlement west of the Hudson within the province of New Netherland. This site is not sponsored by nor is it affiliated with any Lenape-Delaware Tribe or Nation nor by any other Native American organization. Part of the Algonquin Nation, the Lenape Indians were respected as peacemakers, often called upon to negotiate between rival tribes. Families were matrilocal; newlywed couples would live with the bride’s family, where her mother and sisters could also assist her with her growing family. means “corn,” and the Lenape have cultivated and prepared over 12 varieties. They are also called Delaware Indians and their historical territory included present-day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, and the Lower … Traditionally they were divided into the Munsee, Unami, and Unalachtigo, three social divisions determined by language and location. The Lenape or Delaware tribe, also called the Lenni Lenape, are of the Algonquin family, and first lived New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and New York. With the fur sources exhausted, the Dutch shifted their operations to present-day upstate New York. Lenape leaders in the lower Delaware refused to accept it. Two bands presently occupy reservations in Oklahoma -- The Delaware Nation and The Delaware Tribe of Indians -- and both are federally recognized Indian tribes. lenape tribe facts October 12, 2020UncategorizedNo Comments The Lenape called themselves 'Lenni-Lenape' (also recorded as Leni-Lenape), which literally means 'men of men', but is translated to mean 'original people'. This land was purchased from the Lenape after the fact. After the Dutch arrival in the 1620s, the Lenape were successful in restricting Dutch settlement until the 1660s to Pavonia in present-day Jersey City along the Hudson. Although the Unami and Munsee speakers people are related, they consider themselves as distinct, as they used different words and lived on opposite sides of the Kitatinny Mountains of modern Pennsylvania. The Unami and Munsee languages belong to the Eastern Algonquian language group. CIVICKIDS is sponsored by Google. They are also called Delaware Indians and their historical territory included present-day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley. Despite being the first Indian tribe to sign a treaty with the American government, most Lanape were relocated to Oklahoma in the mid-1800s. 2 The Lenape who inhabited the land that became … Posted on Last updated: April 30, 2020 By: Author Russell Yost. The resulting scheme culminated in the so-called Walking Purchase. Their lands also extended west from western Long Island and New York Bay, across the Lower Hudson Valley in New York into the lower Catskills and a sliver of the upper edge of the North Branch Susquehanna River. “the river that flows both ways,” because the river changes its flow from north to south following the Atlantic tides. The museum’s permanent and temporary exhibitions—as well as a range of public programs, including music and dance performances, films, and symposia—explore the diversity of the Native people of the Americas. Its’ people, who are ethnically distinct, have been known historically as the Delaware Moors. CMA’s free Community Programs bring outstanding arts education to underserved children and families in NYC. The Lenape tribe in our area lived along the Delaware River. In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory(present-day Oklahoma and surrounding territory) under the Indian removal policy. An overview of the Lenape worldview and belief system including several legends and traditional stories. The Lenape had a culture in which the clan and family controlled property. By Leah Alexander-These are not my pictures and music i do not own- Learn more at americanindian.si.edu. Lenape Programs: School presentations on Lenape culture and history by a Lenape descendant. This program is supported, in part, by the Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation, the New York State Council on the Arts with support of Governor Andrew Cuomo, and public funds from the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs. People often call them as the Delaware Indians. As he explained it, they originally occupied unfortified hamlets, generally made up of extended family units of about 100 people. The name Manhattan itself comes from their language. Children and adults are equally mesmerized by the ooey, stretchy, and colorful… Read more, Our current exhibition Home Sweet Home: Is a Home a Sanctuary? In May, the Lenape planted kidney beans near the maize plants; the latter served as props for the climbing bean vines. In the decades immediately following, some 20,000 new colonists arrived in the region, putting pressure on Lenape settlements and hunting grounds. 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