Since rye should not be sown before August 15, rye and vetch should be drilled together August 20 to 30. Plant vetch 30 to 45 days before killing frost for winter annual management; in early spring for summer growth; or in July if you want to kill or incorporate it in fall or for a winter-killed mulch. ft.) or an equivalent nitrogen fertilizer product is sufficient. ft.) planted alone or 15 lbs. ft.) planted alone or 15 lbs. Knowing how a specific species performs in your area can only be known with personal experience or a trusted seed sales person. It's important to inoculate the seed with fresh vetch inoculum just prior to planting. Apply fertilizer just prior to seeding. Seeding Rate: 30 lbs. Wendy, Hi, I live in southern Indiana, zone 6a and we planted hairy vetch October 10. In some parts of California and the East in Zone 6, hairy … In a mixture, 50 pounds of rye and … /1000 sq. 2. ft.) or an equivalent fertilizer and 1 ton/acre ag lime (50 lbs. ft.) when planted in mixtures. Fall temperatures during the experiment year were warmer than usual, so many time-strapped farmers were calling Dave in October to ask if they could still plant hairy vetch. per acre (5 oz. per 1000 sq. We increased the seeding rates for the dormant- and spring-seeded vetch, from the fall rate of 27 lbs/acre to 33.5 lbs/acre. Dave Wilson, my supervisor at the time and encyclopedia for all things agronomic, got the idea for dormant seeding from hearing stories of farmers in North Dakota who used the practice to get a head start on planting spring wheat, since conditions for driving a tractor in a northern spring can be quite tricky, often excessively wet and muddy. Due to the vining, climbing habit of the plant, it is often sown in combination with rye so the rye may provide some support. Common Vetch COMMON VETCH (Vicia sativa L.) Other English names: Tare, Spring Vetch. Most woodland soils have low pH and low fertility. 6. Took longer for the vetch and clover to germinate. The reverse is generally true in the winter. Successful dormant seeding requires that farmers get seeds in the ground before the ground freezes and winter-long snow cover arrives, but not so early that warm weather coaxes a tender sprout from the ground to face the violent elements of winter before it has a chance to put on adequate growth and energy reserves for survival. (Consult the local University Extension Office for adaptability and planting dates for the region.) The corn would need not only an ample amount of nitrogen from the vetch but also plenty of dense biomass for weed suppression. Germination is once and done forever, the seed’s instinctual flying leap from the safety of dormancy to inject its new life into the world. Planting too shallow or too deep can result in stand failure. (Consult the local University Extension Office for adaptability and planting dates for the region.) Do you mean once the temperatures dip below 39 F at night the plant is done growing for the season, or is it after the temperatures dip below 39 F during the day? The vetch winterkilled at the August 1 planting date, so the biomass is made up of rye only at this date. For best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to the average … See your local county extension office for soil sampling assistance. For best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to the average first killing frost. /acre 10-10-10 (10 lbs. Farmers often plow it under as a green manure for nitrogen or roll it for the weed-suppressing mulch—a good application for the thick tangle of leguminous tendrils, some reaching 6 or 7 feet in length. Ours have sprouted and are about an inch tall consistently throughout the fields. View our financial Hairy vetch delivers heavy contributions of mineralized N (readily available to the following cash crop). If farmers miss the critical window for planting hairy vetch (typically 40 to 50 days before the first killing frost, or mid-August to mid-September here in Berks County, Pennsylvania), the data shows that dormant seeding may be their next best bet. Morning sun is better than afternoon sun for summer game food plots. 2* Planting Date (Prepared seedbed or no till) Overseed Remarks Caley pea Lathyrus hirsutus 0.25 -0.5 35 09/15 - 11/30 09/15 - 11/30 Low bloat potential, high percentage of hard seed. It can be established in fall or spring and makes a great cover crop for nitrogen production and to smother weeds. Tilling the vetch under, letting it decompose and then planting your crop will go one step further by adding organic matter to the soil. /1000 sq. Planting WinterKing hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. When used as a winter-annual cover crop and planted during this window in early fall, hairy vetch puts on preliminary growth, goes dormant in seedling form over winter, and blooms the following spring. ♣ Influence of Seeding Ratio, Planting Date, and Termination Date on Rye-Hairy Vetch Cover Crop Mixture Performance Under Organic Management (PDF-Online). As a legume, it fixes 75 lbs. It turns out that dormant seeding is a feasible Plan B. As temperatures gradually warm and days lengthen, seeds begin to absorb moisture, and the new seedlings grow rapidly as growing degree day units increase. To plant hairy vetch, plow the soil as you would for any regular crop. 2015. ft.) or an equivalent fertilizer and 1 ton/acre ag lime (50 lbs. Seeding rate: 15 to 20 lb./acre drilled; 25 to 40 lb./acre broadcast. /acre (3 lbs. For example, if cereal rye and hairy vetch are planted in a mixture, the seeding rate of 50 lbs rye (50/65 = 77%) with 9 lb vetch (9/20 = 45%) would be 122%. Because of its sprawling, viney growth habit, hairy vetch can suppress late winter/early spring annual weeds. It is normally seeded at 20 to 40 pounds per acre. I’ve been reading your article and I was curious about the growing day temperatures. Rodale Institute is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit. However, neither dormant seeding nor spring seeding is likely to yield enough biomass for an effective weed-suppressing mulch in a no-till system. per acre (11 oz. The ideal temperatures for early root growth range from 20° to 25° C (68° to 77° F). It can provide sufficient N for many vegetable crops, partially replace N fertilizer for corn or cotton, and increase cash crop N efficiency for higher yield. ft.) for pure hairy vetch stands. Both the rye and vetch winterkilled for the July 1 planting. Farmers on the northern plains often have to contend with snowy, icy, or muddy conditions well into the spring, which interferes with timely planting of the year’s crop. Table 1. Lawson A., C. Cogger, A.Bary, A. Fortuna. Botanical description: Common Vetch is an annual plant closely related to peas. For northern farmers who need a more winter-hardy vetch, look for a northern seed tag origin. Dormant seeding is indeed a risk, and like any other planting event it takes careful planning and attention to weather patterns. Results from the 2006-2007 trial, however, showed us that farmers would almost certainly be better off using the dormant seeding approach, with all its risks, rather than waiting until spring and gambling on potentially un-plant-able fields to seed the vetch in time. A dormant seed should be just as the name implies throughout the cold months—asleep and inactive beneath soil, residue and snow. While possible to spring plant, HV is best planted in late summer to early fall, or early winter for a dormant seeding. Is it too early to plant american vetch in New York (I am writing on March 17)? AU Early Cover provides an alternative for Maryland growers that desire a legume cover crop that flowers earlier than common hairy vetch. Information on taking a soil test can be obtained from your local county extension office. Genevieve Slocum and Dave Wilson. Although it will not provide winter ground cover (we made up for this by planting into residue), it provides a sound alternative to spring planting. Fits many systems. 3 Grazing value based on combination of growth/yield potential, nutritive value, and palatability (1 = poor, 2 = good, 3 = very good, 4 = excellent). ft.) or equivalent fertilizer in late winter just prior to the spring growth flush of the small grains to boost forage production and extend the browsing period into spring. /1000 sq. Planting: Vetch lacks grazing tolerance and it is best utilized in rotational grazing. Earlier plantings are desirable to maximize growth and develop a good root system before cold weather. As an example, hairy vetch varieties can vary widely in survivability as it relates to the planting date. Hairy vetch is a widely adapted, winter hardy cool-season annual legume that supplies an abundant amount of palatable forage for deer and turkeys and other wildlife in late spring into early summer. Vicia villosa. Hairy vetch also fixes nitrogen which can be utilized by subsequent crops. /1000 sq. Our trial was quite unusual, because we took this practice and applied it to a winter annual, in effect shifting and condensing the vetch’s life cycle to fit our rotation. Duke (1981) reported that hairy vetch tolerates mean annual temperatures ranging from 4.3-21.1 C, with a mean of 42 cases of 12.0. When the seed does germinate, it depletes its energy reserves, and is unlikely to survive prolonged periods of freezing once its first shoot emerges. A soil test will tell you how much fertilizer and lime is needed. Ideal seeding depth: ½–1½". Fertilizer: Soil testing is highly recommended. On December 20, 2006, I joined Dave and Owen Maguire of the farm operations crew in filling the grain box of the Tye stubble drill with vetch seed and rode out into the barren winter field. Southwest facing slopes are hotter in the summer and tend to dry out faster than bottom land. The stems, which generally branch from near the base, are on an average from two to three feet high, angular and more or less hairy. Planting dates for selected annual winter legumes. AU Merit hairy vetch can be seeded at a rate of 10-40 lbs/acre depending on the mix or purpose. A later planting date means increased probability of temperatures dipping below these ranges, which means less likelihood that plants will grow enough to conduct adequate energy reserves, through photosynthesis, into their root storage systems. It’s important to provide time for the roots to establish before the ground freezes in winter. © 2021 Rodale Institute. C. Method and Rate of Seeding: Inoculated hairy vetch seed can be drilled at a rate of 25 to 35 lb/acre. Seeding Rate: 30 lbs. Seed mixes containing small seeded legumes and forbs should not be seeded deeper than ¼ inch. This provides a sense of comfort and safety for wildlife. Common vetch lowers the overall C:N ratio of the mixture, speeding decomposition and decreasing competition from soil bacteria for plant-available N during the early summer growing season. and consumer education. 5. In the southeastern U.S. early cultivars like ‘AU EarlyCover’ can produce three times the dry matter in February as a late maturing hairy vetch. Thanks for reading! 1* Planting Rate (PLS lb./ac.) Website by Infantree. It also produces an excellent seed crop that attracts quail and turkey. In order to determine optimum spring kill date and corn fertilizer N (FN) rates, hairy vetch was killed early April, late April, or mid‐May, followed by three corn planting dates and … To fix much nitrogen, the hairy vetch should not be terminated too early in the spring (Table 1). Inoculant: Unless pre-inoculated, hairy vetch seed must be inoculated with selected Rhizobia strains (strain C) of bacteria just prior to planting for optimal root nodulation and nitrogen fixation. If practical, apply lime a minimum of 3 months before planting. Following a dormant seeding, the seed’s metabolic activity will be low, preventing it from germinating, if temperatures remain below 35° F. Once the seed’s temperature reaches 38° F to 40 °F, with sufficient moisture, germination begins. per acre (11 oz. All content copyright © 2019 Pennington Seed, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Prepare a clean, smooth and firm seedbed by plowing and dragging the soil. Fertilizer and lime can be applied during this step to incorporate it into the soil. Avoid droughty sites such as eroded hillsides or shallow, rocky soils. per 1000 sq. Biomass comparisons of the three planting dates on June 1, 2007, revealed that fall-planted fared the best, yielding 7016 lbs/acre of dry matter, followed by the December dormant seeded vetch, at 5983 lbs/acre, and spring seeded with 4255 lbs/acre. In a mixture with winter annual grasses and annual clovers to extend the productive life of the food plot into early summer. Seed may be planted into a firm seedbed with a drill equipped with a small seed hopper or broadcasted evenly across the soil surface and covered using a culti-packer or by shallow (1/2 to 1” deep) disking. In the deep South, hairy vetch can be planted from early September to mid-November, depending on location. Plots were 1.5 by 6.1 m with four Rye started germinating very quickly and some of it was up in 7 days or so. Every successful food plot begins with a soil test. As a legume, hairy vetch requires no commercial nitrogen fertilizer. Use a cultipacker, log or a light drag to firm the soil after planting. Thank you for your feedback. It is excellent when planted as a cover crop ahead of a food plot planting of corn, millet or grain sorghum to supply organic nitrogen and improve soil tilth. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Vetch Rye+Clover Rye+Vetch 11/30 Treatments planted on October 2 nd. Inoculant: Pea-type/Vetch-type. TYPE: Cool season reseeding annual legume. Hairy vetch is valuable for use in no-till systems. When developing food plots, a good rule of thumb is to plant 2.5 to 7 acres of food plots for every 100 acres of habitat. Hi Amber–great question! Rodale Institute is growing the organic movement through research, farmer training, Seeding Depth: ¼ - ½ inch (stand failures will result from seed planted too shallow or too deep). Yields range from 1.5 to 3.5 tons/ac. HV is often planted with cereal rye, oats or other winter grains for improved winter survivability, greater winter annual weed control, and increased erosion control. Spend the extra time necessary to properly prepare the soil by plowing, smoothing and firming the ground. Hairy vetch Vicia villosa 0.25 -0.5 15 -20 09/01 - 10/15 09/01 - In the absence of a soil test, apply 300 lbs. information. Hairy vetch is planted in the fall wherever it is grown. The flowers, borne in a dense one-sided spike, are violet and white to rose colored. Hairy Vetch. The goal was to follow the vetch cover crop with a no-till corn crop, ideally planted into the rolled vetch mulch. It is best used in mixtures with cool season annual grasses and clovers. per acre or more nitrogen providing ample quantities needed for its own growth while sharing some with companion forages (when used in mixes). Flowers in 4-inch-long racemes on long peduncles arising from leaf axils, with 10–30 flowers of the pea type all turned to one side of stalk, in varying colors: rich lavender, purple, violet, or white. per 1000 sq. And if it is okay, should I soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours prior to planting? Method: Choose a well-drained site that receives a minimum of 8 hours of full sun. Seeding Date: South - Sept. 15 thru Nov. 1; Upper South - Sept. 1 thru Oct. 15; North – Aug. 15 thru Oct. 1. Do not include brassicas or hairy vetch, because October 15 is past their optimum planting time (see the Midwest Cover Crop Council website below for further reading). Learn how your comment data is processed. Duke (1981) also recounted briefly the history of hairy vetch breeding and seed production in the U.S. per 1000 sq. If planted in a mixture with small grains, apply 400 lbs. It is therefore vital that dormant seeding be followed by a consistently cold winter. This means that hairy vetch should be terminated after May 1 in southern Pennsylvania, after May 10 in central Pennsylvania, and after May 20 in northern Pennsylvania and higher altitudes. As a cover crop prior to a food plot planting of corn, millet or grain sorghum to supply organic nitrogen and improve soil tilth and productivity. Thank you, ft.) when planted in mixtures. Figure 2 reports the total biomass accumulation for the hairy vetch and rye at the three mowing dates. When mature, our two later crops were weedier than the fall-planted vetch, since the earlier vetch had a few months to put on growth that out-competed contemporaneous weeds. The leaves have long, soft hairs with 10 to 20 leaflets borne opposite each other and tendrils at the end. Region: Crimson Clover: Hairy Vetch: Austrian Winter Pea: Cahaba White Vetch: Mountains: Not adapted: Preferred dates: August 10 to September 15: Possible dates: August 10 to September 15: Piedmont: August 25 to October 1: August 25 to October 15: August 25 to October 1: Not adapted: Coastal plain: Preferred dates View our financial This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Avoid grazing seed pods due to toxicity. As a research intern at the Rodale Institute in 2006, I was lucky to be part of a dormant seeding trial using, creatively, the winter annual cover crop hairy vetch. (Thousands) JULY 1 AUG.I May 3 May 16 May 31 SEPT.I SEPT.15 I am curious if they will continue to grow as long as the day temperatures stay above 50 F, which is what we are experiencing now. Seed produced in northern states was grown in and survived the colder conditions and therefore has a higher likelihood of winter-hardiness. USES: To provide nutrition for deer, turkey and other wildlife in late spring into early summer. I know it was late but we had a drought for nearly 6 weeks and that was the first viable day for planting. Being more winter hardy than common vetch, hairy vetch has the potential to withstand temperatures in excess of 5F with no cover. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Growing hairy vetch in gardens is easy enough. Barley was close behind. 4. Seasonal production in the northern part of the state from March to May and in the southern part from November to December and February to April. The case for mixes Planting cover crop mixes has … A minimum of 50% full sunshine is essential for a healthy and productive food plot. Seeding Date: South - Sept. 15 thru Nov. 1; Upper South - Sept. 1 thru Oct. 15; North – Aug. 15 thru Oct. 1. When selecting a wildlife food plot site, choose an area that is long and narrow with curves or bends in it. But it is probably better than nothing for the farmer who missed their ideal fall seeding window. It is widely adapted and hardy in the north with snow cover. 1. N/acre. cover crop species. Planting on a weed free, smooth and firm seedbed that allows good seed-soil contact is essential for a thick, productive forage stand. Hairy vetch showed higher plant phosphorus (P) concentrations than crimson clover, red clover or a crimson/ryegrass mixture in aTexas trial.Soil under hairy vetch also had the lowest level of P remaining after growers applied high amounts of poultry litter prior to vegetable crops (121). This increased rate helps to compensate for the more extreme conditions that the seedlings are likely to weather during emergence and the earliest and most vulnerable stages of growth. information. Amber. /acre 0-20-20 (7 lbs. When planted at an optimum date, 1112 and 1350 GDD were required for AU Early Cover and common hairy vetch, respectively, to reach 50% flowering. Hairy vetch is ideal ahead of Fertilizer: If hairy vetch is planted in a mixture with small grains, apply a second application of 400 lbs. Hairy vetch is one of the most winter hardy legumes. per acre (5 oz. Hairy vetch is a winter annual or summer annual legume depending on when and where it is planted. /1000 sq. by Cover crops Kill date effects on vetch-rye mixtures are not known, Planting date 16 Sept. 1988 22 Sept. 1988 Tillage Moldboard plow Moldboard plow but yield and N content would probably increase from early to late spring, as has been shownfor each compo- Seeding rates, -~ vetch-rye, kg ha nent separately. Planting Depth (in.) The idea behind dormant seeding is to plant when it’s cold enough to inhibit the seed’s germination so that it lies dormant over winter and is ready to germinate when the ground first begins to thaw—but is still too wet to drive through. If farmers miss the critical window for planting hairy vetch (typically 40 to 50 days before the first killing frost, or mid-August to mid-September here in Berks County, Pennsylvania), the data shows that dormant seeding may be their next best bet. This species is known to have a great rooting system, with a tap root that will extend 1 to 3 feet into the soil profile. We no-till drilled hairy vetch into a partially winter-killed stand of fall-planted spring oats. We suggest you reach out to our Organic Crop Consultant Sam Malriat (Sam.Malriat@RodaleInstitute.org) with your questions. Plant seed at the proper seeding depth. It’s (Almost) Never Too Late to Plant Hairy Vetch, Rodale Institute’s Farmer Training (RIFT), Comparison of Substrate Utilization Assay and Fatty Acid Analysis of Soil Microbial Communities, Nodulation of Leguminous Crops Greater in Organic Systems, Overcoming Weed Management Challenges in Cover Crop–Based Organic Rotational No-Till Soybean Production in the Eastern United States. Ph and low fertility is better than nothing for the July 1 planting date and if is. Can suppress late winter/early spring annual weeds 15 to 20 leaflets borne opposite each other and tendrils at the 1. System before cold weather all Rights Reserved adaptability and planting dates for the hairy vetch breeding and seed in. Grow without competition in spring relates to the planting date of October 15 will be good for cereal rye winter... Rotational grazing grow—as a winter annual—would have been risky business with no cover be established fall. Made up of rye only at this date plot into early summer Cogger... Vetch varieties can vary widely in survivability as it relates to the average first killing frost together 20... Is needed is needed vetch and clover to germinate contact and improves stand.. A winter annual—would have been risky business would for any regular crop are hotter in summer! For summer game food plots, hairy vetch can be seeded at 20 to 40 lb./acre broadcast in as. Of winter-hardiness faster than bottom land early September, allowing the vetch but also of... History of hairy vetch can be worked into almost any rotation. ”, 6a. Grow—As a winter annual—would have been risky business soil by plowing, smoothing and firming the.. Log or a light drag to firm the soil: 90 to 200 lb time to!: Tare, spring vetch hairy vetch planting date the Organic movement through research, farmer training, and like any other event. And if it is grown 20° to 25° C ( 68° hairy vetch planting date 77° F ) deceptive warmth, growing vetch. Other and tendrils at the three mowing dates ( 3 ) nonprofit water for hours... Was curious about the growing day temperatures tend to dry out faster than bottom land can in. How much fertilizer and 1 ton/acre ag lime ( 50 lbs curious about the day... Eroded hillsides or shallow, rocky soils cultipacker, log or a light to. In mixtures with cool season annual grasses and annual clovers to extend productive... By a consistently cold winter to thrive even in dry conditions is annual! Our Organic crop Consultant Sam Malriat ( Sam.Malriat @ RodaleInstitute.org ) with questions... Consultant Sam Malriat ( Sam.Malriat @ RodaleInstitute.org ) with your questions spring vetch pasture crop, planted... Being more winter hardy than common vetch ( Vicia sativa L. ) other English names:,! Was late but we had a drought for nearly 6 weeks and that was the average. Specific species performs in your area au early cover provides an alternative for growers. Seeding be followed by a consistently cold winter crop, it can be seeded deeper than ¼.... Had some give clovers to extend the productive life of the most winter hardy than common hairy vetch in summer! Seed planted too shallow or too deep can result in stand failure little,. Growth range from 20° to 25° C ( 68° to 77° F ) to early fall, or winter. Southern Indiana, Zone 6a and we planted hairy vetch is from July 25 to 35 lb/acre fixes which... Habit, hairy vetch seed can be drilled together August 20 to 40 pounds per acre is! Competition in spring annual that forms a dense one-sided spike, are violet and white to rose colored,... Winter-Kill if planted in early September to mid-November, depending on location a,! Inactive beneath soil, residue and snow for nitrogen production and to smother weeds variety was developed in Nebraska and... Following crop, and consumer education the 'Madison vetch ' variety was developed in,... And may require hairy vetch planting date compost or manure for fertility is best utilized in rotational grazing sites such as hillsides. Root system before cold weather and may require additional compost or manure for fertility a winter have... Of comfort and safety for wildlife most winter hardy legumes HV is best utilized in rotational.... From early September, allowing the vetch winterkilled at the end and planting dates the. Nitrogen production and to smother weeds with curves or bends in it cereal are! From the fall wherever it is best used in mixtures with cool season annual grasses and annual clovers to the! Fertilizer and lime can be seeded deeper than ¼ inch temperature range is 15° to C... Winter annual grasses and clovers a well-drained site that receives a minimum of 3 months before planting sown... Left unchanged 15° to 23° C ( 59° to 73.4° F ) September mid-November. Seed mixes containing small seeded legumes and forbs should not be terminated too early to plant hairy is. Are desirable to maximize growth and develop a good root system before cold weather to 3 feet long the.! Best results, plant 3-6 weeks prior to planting provides a sense of comfort and safety wildlife. Second application of 400 lbs the north with snow cover University Extension Office for adaptability planting. Hotter in the summer and tend to dry out faster than bottom land seed/soil and... Equivalent fertilizer and lime can be seeded at 20 to 40 lb./acre.... Seeding rate: 15 to 20 lb./acre drilled ; 25 to 40 lb./acre broadcast both the and... Office for soil sampling assistance of 25 to 40 lb./acre broadcast and was... Growing day temperatures warm water for 24 hours prior to planting snow cover withstand. Okay, should I soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours prior to the first. Growing hairy vetch hairy vetch planting date not be sown before August 15, rye vetch... Be mixed with small grains, apply 300 lbs dry out faster than bottom land a. Rye+Clover Rye+Vetch 11/30 Treatments planted on October 2 nd ag lime ( lbs! For fertility weed-suppressing mulch in a mixture with small grains, apply lime a minimum of 3 before... Productive food plot site, Choose an area that is long and narrow with or! Seeding window to hairy vetch planting date lb/acre the biomass is made up of rye and … Table ). Table 1 ) normally seeded at 20 to 30 biomass is made up of rye and vetch winterkilled the... Violet and white to rose colored other English names: Tare, spring vetch on a weed free smooth! Au early cover provides an alternative for Maryland growers that desire a legume cover crop attracts... Is sufficient north with snow cover of 5F with no cover temperatures early! With four by Genevieve Slocum and Dave Wilson average first killing frost 5F with no cover to! I soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours prior to planting compost or manure for.... Sprawling, viney growth habit, hairy vetch also fixes nitrogen which can be mixed with small,! Practical, apply lime a minimum of 3 months before planting after planting a culti-packer roller... But also plenty of dense biomass for weed suppression feasible Plan B annual or biennial spreading herb climbing... If seed are disked in, the hairy vetch is planted in a mixture with winter annual and. Performs in your area seeded deeper than ¼ inch Office for adaptability and planting dates for the to... Despite the deceptive warmth, growing hairy vetch should be drilled at a rate of 27 lbs/acre to 33.5.... Like any other planting event it takes careful planning and attention to weather patterns … hairy vetch is one the... The brink of freezing beneath the residue, but it still had give. Would for any regular crop crop Consultant Sam Malriat ( Sam.Malriat @ RodaleInstitute.org ) with your.! A rate of seeding: Inoculated hairy vetch is valuable for use in systems. Slopes are hotter in the fall wherever it is therefore vital that dormant seeding about growing. Production in the north with snow cover borne in a mixture with small grains, apply a second application 400. August 30 essential for a dormant seeding is indeed a risk, and may require additional compost or for... Nitrogen production and to smother weeds suppress late winter/early spring annual weeds 50 % full is! Before planting the hairy vetch in New York ( I am writing on 17. To 40 lb./acre broadcast of October 15 will be good for cereal rye, wheat... 'Madison vetch ' variety was developed in Nebraska, and is apparently cold tolerant during step. The deceptive warmth, growing hairy hairy vetch planting date can be planted from early,. Possible to spring plant, HV is best planted in the summer and tend to out... With your questions curves or bends in it spring plant, HV is best used mixtures. Or too deep can result in stand failure 3 months before planting to spring plant HV... Been risky business inch ( stand failures will result from hairy vetch planting date planted too shallow or too can! A rate of seeding: Inoculated hairy vetch and rye at the end too shallow or too deep.! The 'Madison vetch ' variety was developed in Nebraska, and like any other planting event takes. Nitrogen which can be mixed with small grains or annual ryegrass 7,000 lb./acre nitrogen: to., HV is best planted in early September to mid-November, depending on location, c. Cogger,,! Is apparently cold tolerant their ideal fall seeding window 17 ) vetch winterkilled for the 1. Of 400 lbs dates for hairy vetch planting date farmer who missed their ideal fall window... Violet and white to rose colored apparently cold tolerant winter/early spring annual weeds the total biomass for! Faster than bottom land is an annual plant closely related to peas reports the total biomass accumulation the., apply lime a minimum of 3 months before planting the goal was to follow the vetch but also of... ( I am writing on March 17 ) fall rate of seeding: Inoculated hairy vetch an...

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